Leviticus 2


וְנֶפֶשׁ כִּי־תַקְרִיב קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה לַיהוָה סֹלֶת יִהְיֶה קָרְבָּנֹו וְיָצַק עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְנָתַן עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה   2:1

Levi. 2:1    “And when a person would bring a meal offering to the Lord, flour shall be his offering, and he shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it.”

וֶהֱבִיאָהּ אֶל־בְּנֵי אַהֲרֹן הַכֹּהֲנִים וְקָמַץ מִשָּׁם מְלֹא קֻמְצֹו מִסָּלְתָּהּ וּמִשַּׁמְנָהּ עַל כָּל־לְבֹנָתָהּ וְהִקְטִיר   2:2

הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ הַמִּזְבֵּחָה אִשֵּׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהוָה

Levi. 2:2    “And he shall bring it to the sons of Aaron, the priests, and he shall take a full handful of his from there, from its flour, and from its oil together with all the frankincense, and the priest shall make his memorial offering smoke on the altar of fire, a sweet scent to the Lord.”

וְהַנֹּותֶרֶת מִן־הַמִּנְחָה לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים מֵאִשֵּׁי יְהוָה   2:3

Levi. 2:3    “And the remainder of the meal offering, holiest of holy things from the fire offerings of the Lord, will be for Aaron and his sons.”

Please note that the Lord designates the meal offering as holier than any of the other burnt offerings.  Refer to my remarks relating to Gene. 4:3 to 4:5.

וְכִי תַקְרִב קָרְבַּן מִנְחָה מַאֲפֵה תַנּוּר סֹלֶת חַלֹּות מַצֹּת בְּלוּלֹת בַּשֶּׁמֶן וּרְקִיקֵי מַצֹּות מְשֻׁחִים בַּשָּׁמֶן   2:4

Levi. 2:4    “And when you might bring a meal offering already oven baked, it shall be unleavened flour cakes mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers spread with oil.”

The meal offering, whether baked, grilled or fried (see below), must be of unleavened bread.  The requirement that no leavening shall be allowed in the tent of meeting, the Tabernacle, is repeated throughout this chapter and later.  So I imagine that the Lord perceives leavening as similar to blemish (mentioned previously in Levi. 1:3 and 1:10).  I will have more to say about this later.

וְאִם־מִנְחָה עַל־הַמַּחֲבַת קָרְבָּנֶךָ סֹלֶת בְּלוּלָה בַשֶּׁמֶן מַצָּה תִהְיֶה   2:5

Levi. 2:5    “And if the meal offering had been on the griddle, your offering of fine flour mingled with oil shall be unleavened.”

פָּתֹות אֹתָהּ פִּתִּים וְיָצַקְתָּ עָלֶיהָ שָׁמֶן מִנְחָה הִוא   2:6

Levi. 2:6    “You shall break it in pieces and pour oil on it.  It is a meal offering.”

וְאִם־מִנְחַת מַרְחֶשֶׁת קָרְבָּנֶךָ סֹלֶת בַּשֶּׁמֶן תֵּעָשֶׂה   2:7

Levi. 2:7    “And if your offering shall be a meal offering of the fry pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.”

וְהֵבֵאתָ אֶת־הַמִּנְחָה אֲשֶׁר יֵעָשֶׂה מֵאֵלֶּה לַיהוָה וְהִקְרִיבָהּ אֶל־הַכֹּהֵן וְהִגִּישָׁהּ אֶל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ   2:8

Levi. 2:8    “And you shall bring the meal offering that will be made from these to the Lord and present it to the priest and he shall bring it to the altar.”

וְהֵרִים הַכֹּהֵן מִן־הַמִּנְחָה אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ וְהִקְטִיר הַמִּזְבֵּחָה אִשֵּׁה רֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ לַיהוָה   2:9

Levi. 2:9    “And the priest shall take off from the meal offering its memorial portion and make smoke on the altar by fire, a sweet scent to the Lord.”

The memorial portion is burned on the altar.  See the next verse.  Notice that nothing is said about the size of the portion.  Since the remainder of the offering is for the priests, we might conjecture that the memorial portion should be ten percent of the total.  The lack of a dimension may indicate that the scribe, probably recording this some time later, is already familiar with the customary size of the portion, and didn’t think to record it.  I tend not to attribute such carelessness to the scribe.  As I stated before, I believe the scribe knew that he was writing a divine document for posterity.  The mystery of the reason must persist, however, because the scribe may have thought the Tabernacle (or the temple) would last forever, so he didn’t have to record a fact that was then well-known.

וְהַנֹּותֶרֶת מִן־הַמִּנְחָה לְאַהֲרֹן וּלְבָנָיו קֹדֶשׁ קָדָשִׁים מֵאִשֵּׁי יְהוָה   2:10

Levi. 2:10  “And the remainder of the meal offering, holiest of the holy things from the fire offerings of the Lord, shall be for Aaron and for his sons.”

כָּל־הַמִּנְחָה אֲשֶׁר תַּקְרִיבוּ לַיהוָה לֹא תֵעָשֶׂה חָמֵץ כִּי כָל־שְׂאֹר וְכָל־דְּבַשׁ לֹא־תַקְטִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ אִשֶּׁה    2:11


Levi. 2:11  “Any meal offering that you will bring to the Lord shall not be made of leaven, for no leaven and no honey shall you make smoke from it by fire to the Lord.”

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קָרְבַּן רֵאשִׁית תַּקְרִיבוּ אֹתָם לַיהוָה וְאֶל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ לֹא־יַעֲלוּ לְרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ   2:12

Levi. 2:12  “An offering of first fruits, you shall bring them for the Lord, but they shall not be raised up to the altar for a sweet scent.”

וְכָל־קָרְבַּן מִנְחָתְךָ בַּמֶּלַח תִּמְלָח וְלֹא תַשְׁבִּית מֶלַח בְּרִית אֱלֹהֶיךָ מֵעַל מִנְחָתֶךָ עַל כָּל־קָרְבָּנְךָ   2:13

תַּקְרִיב מֶלַח

Levi. 2:13  “And you shall season your every meal offering with salt, and you shall not omit the salt of the covenant of your God from your meal offering.  On all your offerings you shall bring salt.”

וְאִם־תַּקְרִיב מִנְחַת בִּכּוּרִים לַיהוָה אָבִיב קָלוּי בָּאֵשׁ גֶּרֶשׂ כַּרְמֶל תַּקְרִיב אֵת מִנְחַת בִּכּוּרֶיךָ   2:14

Levi. 2:14  “And if you will bring a meal offering of first fruits, corn roasted in fire, to the Lord, you shall bring the meal offering of your first fruits, the full ear ground.”

וְנָתַתָּ עָלֶיהָ שֶׁמֶן וְשַׂמְתָּ עָלֶיהָ לְבֹנָה מִנְחָה הִוא   2:15

Levi. 2:15  “And you shall put oil on it and you shall lay frankincense on it; it is a meal offering.”

וְהִקְטִיר הַכֹּהֵן אֶת־אַזְכָּרָתָהּ מִגִּרְשָׂהּ וּמִשַּׁמְנָהּ עַל כָּל־לְבֹנָתָהּ אִשֶּׁה לַיהוָה   2:16

Levi. 2:16  “And the priest shall make the memorial portion of its ground kernels and of its oil, with all its frankincense, smoke by fire to the Lord.”

Torah Commandments in this Chapter

118. The procedures for a meal offering shall be followed.  V. 2:1 - 2:16


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