Psalms 19


לַמְנַצֵּחַ מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד׃   19:1

Psal. 19:1   For the leader, a psalm of David's.

הַשָּׁמַיִם מְסַפְּרִים כְּבוֹד־אֵל וּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדָיו מַגִּיד הָרָקִיעַ׃   19:2

Psal. 19:2   The heavens are declaring the glory of God,

                              and the firmament is displaying the work of His “hand.”

יוֹם לְיוֹם יַבִּיעַ אֹמֶר וְלַיְלָה לְּלַיְלָה יְחַוֶּה־דָּעַת׃   19:3

Psal. 19:3   Day must send forth promise to day,

                              and night to night must declare knowledge.

אֵין־אֹמֶר וְאֵין דְּבָרִים בְּלִי נִשְׁמָע קוֹלָם׃   19:4

Psal. 19:4   There is no speech and there are no languages

                              without their voice being heard.

These three verses, 19:2, 3, and 4, and the first part of the next one, 19:5, relate to the declaration of the universe to God’s glory.  The rest of that verse and the following three describe the sun’s declaring God’s glory in beautiful poetic terms.

בְּכָל־הָאָרֶץ יָצָא קַוָּם וּבִקְצֵה תֵבֵל מִלֵּיהֶם לַשֶּׁמֶשׁ שָׂם־אֹהֶל בָּהֶם׃   19:5

Psal. 19:5   Throughout all the earth their measure goes out,

                              and their message to the end of the world.

                      He has set a tent for the sun with them,

וְהוּא כְּחָתָן יֹצֵא מֵחֻפָּתוֹ יָשִׂישׂ כְּגִבּוֹר לָרוּץ אֹרַח׃   19:6

Psal. 19:6   and it, like a bridegroom, springs out of its chamber.

                              It must rejoice like a champion running a race.

מִקְצֵה הַשָּׁמַיִם מֹוצָאֹו וּתְקוּפָתֹו עַל־קְצֹותָם וְאֵין נִסְתָּר מֵחַמָּתֹו׃   19:7

Psal. 19:7   From the edge of the heavens is its emergence

                              and its circuit, to the end of them,

                     and there is nothing hidden from its heat.

תּוֹרַת יְהוָה תְּמִימָה מְשִׁיבַת נָפֶשׁ עֵדוּת יְהוָה נֶאֱמָנָה מַחְכִּימַת פֶּתִי׃   19:8

Psal. 19:8   The Torah of the Lord is perfect,

                              restoring the soul.

                      The testimony of the Lord is sure,

                              making the simple wise.

Starting with this verse, David devotes the rest of this chapter to the power of the Lord and His word, ending with a prayer in the last two verses, the last of which (v. 19:15) is echoed now in the daily prayers of Jews and has been through the centuries and throughout the world.

פִּקּוּדֵי יְהוָה יְשָׁרִים מְשַׂמְּחֵי־לֵב מִצְוַת יְהוָה בָּרָה מְאִירַת עֵינָיִם׃   19:9

Psal. 19:9   The statutes of the Lord are right,

                               rejoicing the heart.

                      The commandment of the Lord is pure,

                               brightening the eyes.

יִרְאַת יְהוָה טְהוֹרָה עוֹמֶדֶת לָעַד מִשְׁפְּטֵי־יְהוָה אֱמֶת צָדְקוּ יַחְדָּו׃   19:10

Psal. 19:10   Reverence of the Lord is clean, established for eternity.

                               The judgments of the Lord of truth are all together righteousness.

הַנֶּחֱמָדִים מִזָּהָב וּמִפַּז רָב וּמְתוּקִים מִדְּבַשׁ וְנֹפֶת צוּפִים׃   19:11

Psal. 19:11   They are more precious than gold,

                                than even much pure gold,

                        and sweeter than honey and honeycomb drippings.

גַּם־עַבְדְּךָ נִזְהָר בָּהֶם בְּשָׁמְרָם עֵקֶב רָב׃   19:12

Psal. 19:12   Also Your servant is taught by them;

                                there is great reward in keeping them.

שְׁגִיאוֹת מִי־יָבִין מִנִּסְתָּרוֹת נַקֵּנִי׃   19:13

Psal. 19:13   One's errors who can perceive?

                                 From the unknown ones He cleanses me.

גַּם מִזֵּדִים חֲשֹׂךְ עַבְדֶּךָ אַל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִי אָז אֵיתָם וְנִקֵּיתִי מִפֶּשַׁע רָב׃   19:14

Psal. 19:14   Also preserve Your servant from arrogant acts;

                                 may they have no power with me!

                       Then I shall be upright

                                 and I will be innocent of any great transgression.

יִהְיוּ לְרָצוֹן אִמְרֵי־פִי וְהֶגְיוֹן לִבִּי לְפָנֶיךָ יְהוָה צוּרִי וְגֹאֲלִי׃   19:15

Psal. 19:15   May the words of my mouth

                                 and the meditations of my heart

                        be acceptable in Your sight,

                                 O Lord, my Rock and my Redeemer.


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