וּשְׁלֹמֹה הָיָה מוֹשֵׁל בְּכָל־הַמַּמְלָכוֹת מִן־הַנָּהָר אֶרֶץ פְּלִשְׁתִּים וְעַד גְּבוּל מִצְרָיִם מַגִּשִׁים מִנְחָה 5:1 וְעֹבְדִים אֶת־שְׁלֹמֹה כָּל־יְמֵי חַיָּיו׃
1Kin. 5:1 And Solomon was ruler throughout the kingdoms. From the River to the land of the Philistines and as far as the border of Egypt they were bringing gift and serving Solomon all the days of his life.
וַיְהִי לֶחֶם־שְׁלֹמֹה לְיוֹם אֶחָד שְׁלֹשִׁים כֹּר סֹלֶת וְשִׁשִּׁים כֹּר קָמַח׃ 5:2
1Kin. 5:2 And the food of Solomon for one day was thirty measures of flour and sixty measures of meal,
עֲשָׂרָה בָקָר בְּרִאִים וְעֶשְׂרִים בָּקָר רְעִי וּמֵאָה צֹאן לְבַד מֵאַיָּל וּצְבִי וְיַחְמוּר וּבַרְבֻּרִים אֲבוּסִים׃ 5:3
1Kin. 5:3 ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen of the pasture, and a hundred sheep, apart from harts and roebucks and deer and fatted fowl.
1Kin. 5:4 For he ruled throughout this side of the River from Tiphsach as far as Gaza, over all the kings of this side of the River, and peace was his from his every side all around.
וַיֵּשֶׁב יְהוּדָה וְיִשְׂרָאֵל לָבֶטַח אִישׁ תַּחַת גַּפְנוֹ וְתַחַת תְּאֵנָתוֹ מִדָּן וְעַד־בְּאֵר שָׁבַע כֹּל יְמֵי שְׁלֹמֹה׃ 5:5
1Kin. 5:5 And Judah dwelled safely, and Israel, everyone beneath his vine and beneath his fig tree, from Dan as far as Beer-sheba, all the days of Solomon.
1Kin. 5:6 And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots and twelve thousand horsemen. [Return to 2Chr. 1:14]
וְכִלְכְּלוּ הַנִּצָּבִים הָאֵלֶּה אֶת־הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה וְאֵת כָּל־הַקָּרֵב אֶל־שֻׁלְחַן הַמֶּלֶךְ־שְׁלֹמֹה אִישׁ חָדְשׁוֹ לֹא 5:7 יְעַדְּרוּ דָּבָר׃
1Kin. 5:7 And those officers sustained king Solomon and all who came to the table of king Solomon, each his month. They would not lack a thing.
The officers are those twelve named in the last chapter.
וְהַשְּׂעֹרִים וְהַתֶּבֶן לַסּוּסִים וְלָרָכֶשׁ יָבִאוּ אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִהְיֶה־שָּׁם אִישׁ כְּמִשְׁפָּטוֹ׃ 5:8
1Kin. 5:8 And they would bring the barley and the straw for the horses and for the swift beasts to the place where it should be there, each according to his charge.
1Kin. 5:9 And God gave wisdom to Solomon and very much discernment, and largeness of heart like the sand that is on the shores of the sea. [Return to 2Chr. 1:7]
Another occurrence of a missing et before a direct object: It should be before the third word in the verse, which is translated as wisdom.
וַתֵּרֶב חָכְמַת שְׁלֹמֹה מֵחָכְמַת כָּל־בְּנֵי־קֶדֶם וּמִכֹּל חָכְמַת מִצְרָיִם׃ 5:10
1Kin. 5:10 And the wisdom of Solomon was greater than the wisdom of all the children of the east and of all the wisdom of Egypt.
וַיֶּחְכַּם מִכָּל־הָאָדָם מֵאֵיתָן הָאֶזְרָחִי וְהֵימָן וְכַלְכֹּל וְדַרְדַּע בְּנֵי מָחוֹל וַיְהִי־שְׁמוֹ בְכָל־הַגּוֹיִם סָבִיב׃ 5:11
1Kin. 5:11 And he was wiser than all men, than Ethan, the Ezrachite, and Heman and Calcol and Darda, sons of Machol, and his fame was throughout the nations all around.
וַיְדַבֵּר שְׁלֹשֶׁת אֲלָפִים מָשָׁל וַיְהִי שִׁירוֹ חֲמִשָּׁה וָאָלֶף׃ 5:12
1Kin. 5:12 And he spoke three thousand proverbs and his song was of a thousand and five.
וַיְדַבֵּר עַל־הָעֵצִים מִן־הָאֶרֶז אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן וְעַד הָאֵזוֹב אֲשֶׁר יֹצֵא בַּקִּיר וַיְדַבֵּר עַל־הַבְּהֵמָה 5:13 וְעַל־הָעוֹף וְעַל־הָרֶמֶשׂ וְעַל־הַדָּגִים׃
1Kin. 5:13 And he spoke about the trees from the cedar that is in Lebanon and to the hyssop that sprouts in the wall. And he spoke about the beasts and about the birds and about the creeping things and about the fish.
וַיָּבֹאוּ מִכָּל־הָעַמִּים לִשְׁמֹעַ אֵת חָכְמַת שְׁלֹמֹה מֵאֵת כָּל־מַלְכֵי הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר שָׁמְעוּ אֶת־חָכְמָתוֹ׃ 5:14
1Kin. 5:14 And they came from all the peoples to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all the kings of the earth who had heard his wisdom.
וַיִּשְׁלַח חִירָם מֶלֶךְ־צוֹר אֶת־עֲבָדָיו אֶל־שְׁלֹמֹה כִּי שָׁמַע כִּי אֹתוֹ מָשְׁחוּ לְמֶלֶךְ תַּחַת אָבִיהוּ כִּי אֹהֵב 5:15 הָיָה חִירָם לְדָוִד כָּל־הַיָּמִים׃
1Kin. 5:15 And Hiram, king of Tyre, sent his servants to Solomon, for he heard that they had anointed him to be king in place of his father, for Hiram had always been a friend to David.
וַיִּשְׁלַח שְׁלֹמֹה אֶל־חִירָם לֵאמֹר׃ 5:16
1Kin. 5:16 And Solomon sent to Hiram saying,
אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ אֶת־דָּוִד אָבִי כִּי לֹא יָכֹל לִבְנוֹת בַּיִת לְשֵׁם יְהוָה אֱלֹהָיו מִפְּנֵי הַמִּלְחָמָה אֲשֶׁר סְבָבֻהוּ 5:17 עַד תֵּת־יְהוָה אֹתָם תַּחַת כַּפּוֹת רַגְלוֹ׃
1Kin. 5:17 “You knew David, my father, that he was not able to build a house for the name of the Lord, his God, because of the wars that surrounded him until the Lord put them under the soles of his feet.”
וְעַתָּה הֵנִיחַ יְהוָה אֱלֹהַי לִי מִסָּבִיב אֵין שָׂטָן וְאֵין פֶּגַע רָע׃ 5:18
1Kin. 5:18 “But now the Lord, my God, has given rest to me from all directions. There is no adversary and there is no occurrence of evil.”
וְהִנְנִי אֹמֵר לִבְנוֹת בַּיִת לְשֵׁם יְהוָה אֱלֹהָי כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהוָה אֶל־דָּוִד אָבִי לֵאמֹר בִּנְךָ אֲשֶׁר אֶתֵּן 5:19 תַּחְתֶּיךָ עַל־כִּסְאֶךָ הוּא־יִבְנֶה הַבַּיִת לִשְׁמִי׃
1Kin. 5:19 “So behold, I am thinking to build a house for the name of the Lord, my God, as the Lord spoke to David my father saying, “Your son, whom I will set on your throne in your place, he will build the house for My name.”
Another missing et before a direct object: It should be before the second-from-last word in the verse, which is translated as the house.
וְעַתָּה צַוֵּה וְיִכְרְתוּ־לִי אֲרָזִים מִן־הַלְּבָנוֹן וַעֲבָדַי יִהְיוּ עִם־עֲבָדֶיךָ וּשְׂכַר עֲבָדֶיךָ אֶתֵּן לְךָ כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר 5:20 תֹּאמֵר כִּי אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ כִּי אֵין בָּנוּ אִישׁ יֹדֵעַ לִכְרָת־עֵצִים כַּצִּדֹנִים׃
1Kin. 5:20 “So now command that they cut cedar trees from Lebanon for me, and my servants will be with your servants, and I will give the wages of your servants to you according to all that you will say, for you know that there is not any among us knowing to hew timbers like the Zidonians.”
Another missing et before a direct object: It should be before the fifth word in the verse, which is translated as cedar trees. In addition, let me point out that the Zidonians were inhabitants of the Phoenician city Zidon. The name may also be applied to the whole Phoenician population, as Zidon was their principal city.
וַיְהִי כִּשְׁמֹעַ חִירָם אֶת־דִּבְרֵי שְׁלֹמֹה וַיִּשְׂמַח מְאֹד וַיֹּאמֶר בָּרוּךְ יְהוָה הַיּוֹם אֲשֶׁר נָתַן לְדָוִד בֵּן חָכָם 5:21 עַל־הָעָם הָרָב הַזֶּה׃
1Kin. 5:21 And it was when Hiram heard the words of Solomon that he rejoiced greatly and said, “Blessed is the Lord today Who gave to David a wise son over this great people.”
1Kin. 5:22 And Hiram sent to Solomon saying, “I have heard what you have sent to me. I will do all your desire with the cedar timber and with the Cypress timbers.”
עֲבָדַי יֹרִדוּ מִן־הַלְּבָנוֹן יָמָּה וַאֲנִי אֲשִׂימֵם דֹּבְרוֹת בַּיָּם עַד־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר־תִּשְׁלַח אֵלַי וְנִפַּצְתִּים שָׁם 5:23 וְאַתָּה תִשָּׂא וְאַתָּה תַּעֲשֶׂה אֶת־חֶפְצִי לָתֵת לֶחֶם בֵּיתִי׃
1Kin. 5:23 “My servants will bring down from Lebanon to the sea and I will make rafts of them on the sea to the place that you shall send to me. Then I will break them up there and you will receive. Then you will fulfill my desire giving food to my household.” [Return to 2Chr. 2:15]
וַיְהִי חִירוֹם נֹתֵן לִשְׁלֹמֹה עֲצֵי אֲרָזִים וַעֲצֵי בְרוֹשִׁים כָּל־חֶפְצוֹ׃ 5:24
1Kin. 5:24 So Hiram did. He gave timbers of Cedar and timbers of Cypress to Solomon of all his desire.
וּשְׁלֹמֹה נָתַן לְחִירָם עֶשְׂרִים אֶלֶף כֹּר חִטִּים מַכֹּלֶת לְבֵיתוֹ וְעֶשְׂרִים כֹּר שֶׁמֶן כָּתִית כֹּה־יִתֵּן שְׁלֹמֹה 5:25 לְחִירָם שָׁנָה בְשָׁנָה׃
1Kin. 5:25 And Solomon gave twenty thousand measures of wheat food for his household, and twenty measures of beaten oil to Hiram. Thus Solomon would give to Hiram year after year.
וַיהוָה נָתַן חָכְמָה לִשְׁלֹמֹה כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר־לוֹ וַיְהִי שָׁלֹם בֵּין חִירָם וּבֵין שְׁלֹמֹה וַיִּכְרְתוּ בְרִית שְׁנֵיהֶם׃ 5:26
1Kin. 5:26 And the Lord gave wisdom to Solomon as He had promised to him and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a league.
The et missing in a similar phrase in v. 5:9 is also missing here: It should be before the third word in the verse, which is translated as wisdom.
וַיַּעַל הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה מַס מִכָּל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְהִי הַמַּס שְׁלֹשִׁים אֶלֶף אִישׁ׃ 5:27
1Kin. 5:27 And king Solomon raised a levy from all Israel, and the levy was thirty thousand men.
Another et is missing here: It should be before the fourth word in the verse, which is translated as a levy.
וַיִּשְׁלָחֵם לְבָנוֹנָה עֲשֶׂרֶת אֲלָפִים בַּחֹדֶשׁ חֲלִיפוֹת חֹדֶשׁ יִהְיוּ בַלְּבָנוֹן שְׁנַיִם חֳדָשִׁים בְּבֵיתוֹ וַאֲדֹנִירָם 5:28 עַל־הַמַּס׃
1Kin. 5:28 And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand in months rotating. A month they would be in Lebanon, two months in their house. And Adoniram was over the levy.
וַיְהִי לִשְׁלֹמֹה שִׁבְעִים אֶלֶף נֹשֵׂא סַבָּל וּשְׁמֹנִים אֶלֶף חֹצֵב בָּהָר׃ 5:29
1Kin. 5:29 And there were seventy thousand bearers of burdens and eighty thousand hewers in the mountains for Solomon,
לְבַד מִשָּׂרֵי הַנִּצָּבִים לִשְׁלֹמֹה אֲשֶׁר עַל־הַמְּלָאכָה שְׁלֹשֶׁת אֲלָפִים וּשְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת הָרֹדִים בָּעָם 5:30
1Kin. 5:30 apart from the captains of the officers of Solomon's who were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, who were ruling among the people who were laboring with the work.
וַיְצַו הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיַּסִּעוּ אֲבָנִים גְּדֹלוֹת אֲבָנִים יְקָרוֹת לְיַסֵּד הַבָּיִת אַבְנֵי גָזִית׃ 5:31
1Kin. 5:31 And the king commanded and they brought huge stones, excellent stones to lay the foundation of the house, stones of hewing.
1Kin. 5:32 And the builders of Solomon and the builders of Hiram and the Gebalites fashioned, and they prepared the timbers and the stones to build the house.
Pardon me for pointing this out, but there are three ets missing here: They should be before the fourth-from-last word, the third-from-last word, and the last word in the verse. The first two words are direct objects of the verb prepared and the last one is the direct object of to build. By the way, the Gebalites were the men of Gebal, a city in Lebanon. [Return to Ezra 4:3]